Here is an introduction to members of the brass family found in a symphony orchestra, from highest to lowest: trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba.
These instruments’ history comes from the military; they were used to sound fanfares outdoors, often across battlefields or cities. They’re still quite loud instruments, and they project across an entire ensemble.
Trumpet (or cornet)
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Flight of the Bumblebee (1900) & Mexican Hat Dance (trad.), performed by Rafael Mendez
Miles Davis, So What (1959), performed by Miles Davis
Richard Strauss, Horn Concerto No. 1 in E-flat Major, Op. 11 (1883), performed by Marie-Luise Nuenecker
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Symphony No. 5 in E minor, Op. 64, II. Andante cantabile (excerpt, 1888), horn solo played by Stefan Dohr
Jean-Baptiste Arban, Fantasie and Variations on The Carnival of Venice (1912), performed by Hakan Bjorkman
Duke Ellington & Juan Tizol, Caravan (1936), performed by Wycliffe Gordon
Vittorio Monti, Czardas (1904) performed by Øystein Baadsvik
Brass mutes and sound production
Sound production: Buzzing